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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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faith in speech and writing, and it is worth while at this juncture to recall
a few of the thoughts which each had put on record in connection with
his opponent's beliefs. Some extracts of Churchill's have already been
quoted; he was the man whose activity had long ago gained him in
Moscow the reputation of being the cc greatest hater of Soviet Russia " ;
the man recognised as responsible for the intervention in Russia in 1919,
and to the Soviets this term * intervention ' was synonymous with all
the evils appertaining to, and created by Capitalism—e the plague of
mankind ';c intervention ' to them meant civil war—Deniken, Yudenitsh,
Koltchak subsidised by the capitalist world; it was associated with
starvation,, and the slaughter of millions, all that butchery accomplished
in Russia during those years of Red Tsardorn's fight for power, and the
stabilisation of the new order. Soviet Communism directed the wrath
of the masses against the £ foreign devils '—those aristocrats, landlords
and " paid agents of Clernenceau and Churchill." The former had died
long ago, and the latter had waged a fight against the new rulers of the
Kremlin for many years. He had not hesitated to spare them, speaking
of " the dark power of Moscow " where " we have a band of cosmopolitan
conspirators gathered from the underworlds of the great cities of Europe
and America in despotic possession of still great resources."* His
distrust of the Communist system was well-known. He spoke bluntly,
" I will not pretend that if I had to choose between Communism and
Nazism, I would choose Communism. I hope not to be called upon to
survive in the world under a government of either of those dispensations."f
Already fighting one of those e dispensations/ he was bargaining with
the other in an effort to win the war and peace for Britain . . . Europe was
at stake, and with it the future of the British Isles . . . and its Empire ! . . .
Not so long ago Churchill had presented a programme for a Pax Europea^
the outline of an organisation which should have satisfied to a great
extent the interests of every European nation. He broadcast on March
21, 1943 :—

" We must try—I am speaking of course, only for ourselves—we must
try to make the Council of Europe, or whatever it may be called^ into a really
effective league, with all the strongest forces concerned woven into its texture,
with a High Court to adjust disputes, and with armed forces, national or
international, or both, held ready to enforce these decisions and to prevent
renewed aggression and the preparation of future wars.

"Anyone can see that this Council, when created, must eventually em-
brace the whole of Europe, and that all the main branches of the European
family must some day be partners in it. What is to happen to the large
number of small nations whose rights and interests must be safeguarded ?
Here let me ask what would be thought of an army that consisted only
of battalions and brigades and which never formed any of the larger and
higher organisations like army corps. It would soon get mopped up. It
would therefore seem, to me, at any rate, worthy of patient study that, side
by side with the great Powers, there should be a number of groupings of

* House of Commons, November 25th, 1925.
t House of Commons, April 14tha 1937.